Category Archives: Blog

Unlocking the Benefits of Preventative Botox®: Delaying the Signs of Aging | Facial Aesthetics Chicago, IL

When we think of Botox®, we often associate it with reducing existing wrinkles and signs of aging. However, there’s a rising trend among younger individuals in their twenties and thirties who are embracing a concept known as preventative Botox®. So, what exactly is preventative Botox®, and who should consider it?

Unlike their older counterparts seeking to soften or eliminate wrinkles, younger individuals don’t typically have significant facial lines. Instead, preventative Botox® aims to halt the formation of wrinkles in their earliest stages or prevent them altogether. By receiving preventative Botox® injections, those in their late twenties and thirties can stop fine lines in their tracks or freeze facial muscles before any wrinkles appear.

But why should young adults consider preventative Botox®? It’s a matter of taking control of your aging journey and proactively addressing the signs of aging before they become more prominent. By intervening early, you can maintain a more youthful appearance for longer and potentially delay the need for more extensive treatments in the future.

If you’re in your late twenties or early thirties and notice even the subtlest signs of fine lines, preventative Botox® may be the perfect fit for you. By addressing the few wrinkles you have now, you can also prevent their progression in the future. This proactive approach allows you to preserve your natural beauty and maintain a youthful appearance over time.

Furthermore, preventative Botox® is not just for individuals with existing wrinkles. It is also an option for those who want to be proactive and forward-thinking about the effects of aging. By preventing certain wrinkles from forming at all, you can maintain smoother, more youthful-looking skin as you age gracefully.

It’s important to note that preventative Botox® is a personalized choice, and it’s essential to consult with a qualified professional to determine the most suitable approach for your unique needs and goals. Our experienced team is here to guide you through the process, answer your questions, and provide expert advice on whether preventative Botox® is right for you.

Don’t wait until the signs of aging become more pronounced. Take control of your beauty journey and explore the benefits of preventative Botox®. Schedule an appointment with Timeless Beauty today and discover how this proactive treatment can help you maintain a youthful appearance for years to come. Together, we can create a customized plan to support your long-term skin health and preserve your natural beauty.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619

The Mind-Body Connection: Exploring the Potential of Botox® in Treating Anxiety and Depression | Facial Aesthetics in Chicago, IL

The connection between our facial expressions and emotions has long been a subject of scientific inquiry. Charles Darwin’s ‘facial feedback hypothesis’ suggests that our facial expressions can influence how we feel. Even something as simple as smiling can trigger a sense of happiness within us. Take a moment to smile right now and notice the subtle shift in your mood.

While this concept may seem unrelated to Botox® and cosmetic procedures, leading experts are now exploring the possibility that Botox® could have a profound impact on our emotional well-being.

We are familiar with how Botox® can enhance our physical appearance by reducing wrinkles. The boost in confidence that comes with looking our best can have a positive effect on our overall mood. When we feel less self-conscious about our appearance and radiate self-assurance, it naturally contributes to an improved emotional state. We all desire to feel beautiful and confident, and Botox® can help us achieve that.

Notably, the Journal of Psychiatric Research has published several studies suggesting that Botox® may be a viable treatment for depression. The observed physical improvements can induce neurological changes that uplift mood. In one study, more than half of the participants with depression experienced significant improvements in their mood after receiving Botox® injections to soften wrinkles and relax facial muscles.

Whether you have reservations or a genuine interest in Botox®, it is evident that our facial expressions play a substantial role in shaping our mindset. As always, it is essential to consult with your doctor before pursuing any treatment. Schedule an appointment with our Chicago office today to explore the potential benefits of Botox® treatments and discuss your unique needs and concerns.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619

Uncovering the Benefits of Restylane | Facial Aesthetics in Chicago

Restylane is an injectable filler that is used to smooth out wrinkles and lines on the face. It is composed of hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring substance in the body that helps to maintain skin moisture and volume. Restylane is an ideal option for people who want to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, as well as add volume to the lips and cheeks. 

The Benefits of Restylane 

1. Non-invasive: Restylane is a non-invasive procedure that can be completed in a matter of minutes. It is a great option for those who want to reduce the appearance of wrinkles without having to undergo more invasive procedures such as a facelift. 

2. Natural-looking results: Restylane is composed of hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring substance in the body. This means natural-looking results, making it a great option for those who want to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines without it being obvious they had any work done. 

3. Long-lasting effects: The effects of Restylane can last up to a year or longer. This is much longer than other injectable fillers, which typically last anywhere from three to six months. 

4. Minimal to no recovery time: Restylane injections do not require any downtime. You can resume your normal activities right away with minimal discomfort. 

5. Low risk of side effects: Restylane injections have a low risk of side effects when compared to other injectable fillers. This is because it is composed of hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring substance in the body. This means that the risk of an allergic reaction or other adverse effects is very low. 

6. Cost-effective: Restylane is a cost-effective option for those who want to reduce the appearance of wrinkles without breaking the bank. The cost of the treatment will vary depending on the area being treated and the amount of product used, but it is typically much more affordable than other injectable fillers. 

These are just a few of the many benefits of Restylane. It is a great option for those who want to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines in a non-invasive way. The results are natural-looking, long-lasting, and require minimal to no recovery time. Restylane is also a cost-effective option that has a low risk of side effects. 

If you are considering Restylane, be sure to consult your doctor to ensure that it is the right option for you. He or she will be able to discuss the benefits and risks of the treatment, as well as determine the best course of action for your individual needs. For more information, please contact our facial cosmetics office to schedule a consultation.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619

The Benefits of Rhinoplasty: How it Can Improve Your Appearance and Quality of Life | Timeless Beauty

Rhinoplasty is a type of plastic surgery that is used to reshape the nose. It can be used to improve the appearance of the nose, correct breathing problems, or help with other health issues. Rhinoplasty is a very popular procedure that has been around for many years and has helped many people improve their appearance and their quality of life. 

Rhinoplasty is a delicate procedure that requires a skilled surgeon to ensure desired results. The procedure can involve reshaping the tip or bridge of the nose, altering the size of the nostrils, or changing the angle of the nose. In some cases, the surgeon may also need to remove small pieces of bone and cartilage from the nose.

Before undergoing rhinoplasty, it’s important for patients to discuss their goals with their surgeon. This will help the surgeon understand what the patient is hoping to achieve and how to best achieve it. During the consultation, the surgeon will also examine the patient’s nose and face to evaluate the structure, size, and shape of the nose and the surrounding area. 

During the procedure, an anesthetic is applied to the area, and the surgeon will make the necessary incisions and begin reshaping the nose. In some cases, the surgeon may need to use a graft, which is a piece of cartilage or bone taken from another part of the body and used to reshape the nose. The surgeon will then close the incisions, and the patient can expect some swelling and bruising following the procedure. 

The recovery process after rhinoplasty can take several weeks. During this time, the patient should refrain from strenuous activity or any other activity that could put too much pressure on the nose. It’s also important to follow all of the surgeon’s instructions regarding rest and healing. 

As with any type of surgery, there are some risks associated with rhinoplasty. These include infection, bleeding, and scarring. In rare cases, the results of the surgery may not be what the patient expected. It’s important to discuss all of these risks with the surgeon prior to the procedure. 

Overall, rhinoplasty is a safe and effective procedure that can help improve the appearance of the nose, correct breathing problems, or address other health issues. It’s important for patients to discuss their goals with their surgeon and understand all of the risks involved before undergoing the procedure. With the right surgeon and a good plan of care, rhinoplasty can help many people improve their appearance and enhance their quality of life. Our team can is here to ensure you have all the information you need if you have been researching the possibility of rhinoplasty surgery. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619

What You Need to Know About Wrinkles and Fine Lines | Facial Aesthetics 60619

Crow’s feet, worry lines, laugh lines—whatever you call them, wrinkles and fine lines are inevitable signs of aging. While they can’t be avoided, there are ways to slow their appearance by avoiding certain stimuli, and even ways to help reduce the appearance of those that already exist. However, let’s look at what causes them.

What Causes Fine Lines and Wrinkles?

There are three layers to our precious skin—the epidermis, the dermis, and the subcutaneous tissue. These layers contain collagen and elastin proteins that keep our skin tight and toned. Our skin loses its ability to snap back into shape as we age, because the collagen begins to break down. As a result of this loss of moisture, wrinkles and fine lines appear. We can’t control this part, but there are other factors that speed up the process.

  • Sun Exposure: A huge culprit, the sun can be both a friend and a foe. The sun is great for promoting the production of vitamin D4, but not when it comes to spending hours in the sun. When the skin is exposed to UV rays for a prolonged period of time, it can lose its elasticity and become more wrinkled.
  • Lifestyle: It’s important to live a healthy life, so smoking is a no-no. Nicotine in cigarettes narrows blood vessels in the skin. If your blood flow is reduced, your skin will receive less oxygen and other nutrients needed to maintain its elasticity.
  • Diet: When it comes to your skin’s health, it’s always a smart idea to eat a balanced diet. Foods rich in the antioxidant vitamin C also help remove free radicals (unstable oxygen molecules that damage collagen) from the skin.
  • Exercise: When it comes to your skin, regular exercise gets the blood flowing. Blood flow increases oxygen levels, which is crucial for the health of the skin.

What Is the Difference Between Fine Lines and Wrinkles?

There is a difference in severity between fine lines and wrinkles, although they are often considered synonymous.

As the first signs of aging and/or sun damage, fine lines are usually considered to be the starting point for deeper wrinkles.

Skin wrinkles are caused by muscle contractions under the skin and appear when you make facial expressions like frowning, squinting, or smiling. Our bodies create wrinkles over time as a result of repeated movements.

There are two types of wrinkles within the wrinkle category: dynamic and static. A dynamic wrinkle appears only when there is movement, such as when you smile, little wrinkles (or “crow’s feet”) appear on the outer edges of the eyes. When crow’s feet persist after you stop smiling (and your face is resting), they are considered static wrinkles.

The Prevention of Fine Lines and Wrinkles

Keeping your body healthy and happy is the best way to prevent wrinkles and fine lines. Smoking should be avoided, exercise should be performed, and a healthy diet should be followed. In addition, if you want to enjoy the great outdoors with minimal wrinkle risk, always carry sunscreen with you. Sunglasses, hats, and protective clothing are also recommended.

The battle against aging may seem like a never-ending one, but with advances in science and technology, you have more resources at your disposal. Learn how we can help you fight the signs of aging by contacting our facial cosmetics office today.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619

Facial Cosmetic Surgery Recovery | Facial Aesthetics Chicago IL

The process of undergoing cosmetic surgery is exciting for most patients. In addition to improving self-esteem and appearance for patients, cosmetic surgery improves their quality of life. In most cases, patients want to accelerate the recovery process after cosmetic surgery so they can return to their normal daily activities sooner.

The recovery time following surgery varies based on health issues and the type of procedure performed. You can reduce your recovery time by carefully following the post-operative instructions provided by your surgical team. The recovery process can be adjusted in most cases, depending on your overall health, the type of procedure you are recovering from, and your response to the surgery. Here are five ways to speed up your recovery process and ensure that everything goes smoothly.

Please refrain from smoking.
It is recommended that smokers give up smoking at least eight weeks before undergoing cosmetic surgery. In the days following your surgery, avoiding cigarettes will help improve your circulation, resulting in a faster recovery. Here is a compelling reason to quit smoking.

Consume fluids and apply ice.
Ice packs or compression garments should be applied if instructed. Ice should be applied after any facial surgery, such as a facelift, eyelid lift, or rhinoplasty, to reduce swelling and inflammation. It may be necessary to remove bandages in order to apply ice. Surgical procedures may require you to wear a compression garment for a few weeks afterward. There is a reason why doctors recommend these garments. The body can use them to control bruising and inflammation. In addition to helping with contouring, they can also prevent skin wrinkles. Compression garments may also soften and flatten scars. While recovering, drinking water will help alleviate the side effects of pain medication and keep you hydrated.

You don’t have to tough it out.
During the first three days after your surgery, ask a close friend or family member to care for you. Inflammation, bruising, and swelling are all part of the body’s natural recovery process, but some support can help. Over-the-counter pain relievers and herbal remedies should be avoided. It is possible for these to interfere with prescription medications and cause problems.

Move around gently.
After your surgery, you will need to rest for around two days. Besides resting, you need to move as well. Despite what it may sound like, movement speeds up healing by improving circulation. You should move as much as your oral and cosmetic surgeon recommends. You can speed up your recovery by walking or stretching for a few minutes every day. Setting a timer might help you remember to move around.

Don’t go to the gym.
Do not engage in any strenuous exercise following cosmetic surgery. Many patients want to resume their normal workout routines after cosmetic surgery, but it is crucial to avoid strenuous exercise for several weeks. It is possible to experience bruising, bleeding, and inflammation after working out as a result of raising blood pressure. Vigorous exercise too soon after surgery can cause serious complications and reopen incisions. Resuming your pre-surgery level of activity should be discussed with your facial cosmetics surgeon.

Recovery from plastic surgery involves both physical and emotional aspects. In order for you to achieve the best results from your facial cosmetic surgery, it is important not to hurry the recovery process. Schedule a consultation with our facial cosmetics office today to start feeling and looking the way you have always wanted.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619

Avoiding Botched Botox | Facial Aesthetics 60619

There has always been a negative connotation attached to cosmetic treatments. In the past, it has either been spoken in hushed tones or has been frowned upon from a distance, and people who choose this method have also had to endure many publicly demeaning comments. All of that is now a thing of the past. There is no longer a taboo surrounding cosmetic surgery and it can be openly discussed. Cosmetic treatments can enhance the beauty of the beholder, but they can also be used by individuals who have suffered accidents and are in need of surgery. As Botox is one of the most common cosmetic treatments, some people are still hesitant to discuss it in public, which is perfectly acceptable.

What can you do to avoid this? Read on to find out.

Eyebrows that are quizzical
The last thing you want is to look like Mr. Spock from Star Trek. Along with that, if you want your eyebrows to look good, choose a botox provider with experience and knowledge of how much to give you.

Forehead that is immobile.
There is nothing more infamous than an immobile forehead! The rumor goes that if you take botox, you will have an immobile or numb forehead. To resolve this problem, you will need to have the correct amount of botox injected into your forehead. There is always a proper amount of botox that should be injected. To determine how much Botox you can take at one time, you should consult with the appropriate doctor.

There is bruising.
A bruise is commonly observed after an injection is administered to your body. Botox injections are no different. This is caused by an external sharp object penetrating your skin. As a result, after receiving botox injections, you may experience a few bruises that are red or purple in color. For a speedy recovery, make sure you will not be attending any social events and apply ice to the bruises.

It is not advisable to undergo cosmetic surgery without consulting with a surgeon or specialist who will perform the procedure. Find out about botox facts and myths, and enhance your beauty by conducting extensive research.

We specialize in helping individuals enhance their appearance through the use of facial fillers and other cosmetic enhancement procedures. You can be assured that our facial cosmetics office will make every effort to ensure that you achieve the results you desire. Contact us today to schedule a consultation.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619

10 Benefits of Water for Beautiful Skin | Facial Aesthetics in Chicago IL

Do you get enough water each day? Or have you been drinking far more than is necessary?

The adult human body is 60% water, and your blood is 90% water. Water is beneficial to the entire body in a variety of ways. Water can be the most cost-effective solution for skin problems, from flushing out toxins to preventing acne. It can give you healthy, glowing skin. As a result, it is safe to say that water is a miraculous drink!

Let’s look at the 10 amazing benefits shared by our Chicago facial aesthetics doctor that water has to offer for your skin and how much water you need to drink to stay hydrated.

What Effect Does Drinking Enough Water Have on Your Skin?

When you drink enough water, your blood hydrates the cells in every part of your body. The skin, as the body’s largest organ, is also hydrated, even as impurities and toxins are flushed out at the cellular level. 

Here are all of the skin benefits of drinking water:

Skin Tone Enhancement

Drinking plenty of water helps the body flush out toxins and promotes healthier skin. According to studies, drinking just two cups of water can increase blood flow to the skin, giving it an even tone.

Preventing Early Aging

Staying hydrated helps the skin retain moisture for longer, which increases elasticity. Increased skin elasticity means delayed sagging and the premature appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Healing Time is Shortened

If you’ve been out in the sun and been sunburned, drinking water can help you heal faster. Applying aloe vera to sunburned areas is also extremely soothing.

Puffiness is reduced.

When your skin appears puffy, it is actually retaining water to keep you hydrated. This happens if you don’t drink enough water. Staying hydrated will help to reduce facial swelling and puffiness.

Acne prevention

Drinking plenty of water helps to balance the oil and water content of your skin. This reduces excess oil and sebum secretion, resulting in fewer clogged pores and acne.

Adult acne is getting more common these days due to busy lifestyles and lack of hydration. A study revealed that 4-6 people out of 100 in the age range of 20–40 have adult acne.

There will be no more itchiness on the face.

Dry skin is prone to itching. Due to a lack of moisture, it can even develop dry flakes and crack. Drinking enough water keeps your skin from becoming dry and itchy.

Skin Tightening

Skin can sag as a result of rapid weight loss. Drinking water helps to prevent sagging and tighten the skin in areas where sagging is visible, such as the upper arms, thighs, waist, and jawline, by revitalizing the skin’s elasticity.

Maintains pH Balance

Water can restore sensitive, acne-prone, or problematic skin to a healthy state. If you drink enough water to help balance your body’s pH levels, your skin will glow and be free of blemishes.

It prevents skin eruptions caused by heat.

Water keeps your body temperature normal and prevents it from overheating. When your body heats up due to the weather or physical activity, drinking plenty of water keeps heat rashes at bay.

It promotes gut health, which means clear skin.

Water consumption improves gut health and digestion. It controls your bowel movements and removes toxins from your body via urine and feces. Only when this process is smooth and your gut is healthy will your skin remain clear and problem-free.

If you’re having skin problems and don’t know where to turn, our facial cosmetics team in Chicago is here to help. Please contact our Chicago, IL facial aesthetics office today to schedule an appointment.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619

Is Laser Resurfacing Right For You? | Facial Aesthetics 60619

With laser skin resurfacing, wrinkles, age spots, acne scars, and other blemishes can be reduced, and skin can be tightened. Because lasers can accomplish so much and vary so widely in their effects on your skin, it can be difficult to know where to begin when researching treatment options-even a cursory internet search reveals a myriad of competing devices and technologies. Here are some important things you need to know about laser resurfacing shared by our facial aesthetics doctor in Chicago.

What is the best time to have laser skin resurfacing?

Do you know that autumn is known as the “laser season”? Since laser-treated skin may be hypersensitive to sunlight for up to one year following certain procedures, many cosmetic surgeons suggest undergoing laser resurfacing in the autumn or winter months when daytime hours are shorter and you spend most of your time indoors.

Regardless of the time of year in which you have your laser procedure, make sure you wear a broad-spectrum, high-SPF sunscreen daily. This not only keeps your results looking their best but also helps prevent skin cancer and premature aging.

Some treatments may cause discomfort, while others may not.

Doctors and patients often compare the sensation felt during laser treatments to a rubber band snapping against the skin. Depending on the laser, the depth and area of treatment, and an individual’s tolerance for pain, laser resurfacing may feel different.

To keep a patient comfortable during deeper ablative (where some outer layers of the skin are removed) laser treatments, local anesthetic injections or intravenous sedation may be needed. The CO2 laser and the Erbium YAG laser are examples of ablative lasers.

Many non-ablative laser treatments (in which the laser passes through the skin without removing layers) are relatively painless and require only topical anesthesia. There may be some tenderness in the treated area following the procedure. If necessary, your provider will recommend safe ways to control discomfort after laser resurfacing.

You can still undergo laser resurfacing if you have dark skin.

It is a common misconception that laser resurfacing is only safe for light skin types. Even though certain lasers can cause cell damage or discoloration in darker skin, there are also safe and effective options available. Sometimes, erbium laser resurfacing can be a good option for African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians with lighter skin tones, posing a lower risk of discoloration. Patients with darker brown or black skin may need to explore other skin resurfacing options, such as radio-frequency treatments or micro-needling.

Laser treatment is affected by certain medications or conditions.

Your medical history and any medications or supplements you are taking should always be disclosed to your provider. For instance, if you tend to get cold sores or fever blisters, laser treatments can cause breakouts. The use of acne medication containing isotretinoin (i.e., Accutane) can lead to poor healing or scarring from laser resurfacing, while over-the-counter products like aspirin can cause bleeding after surgery.

Additionally, diabetes and other chronic conditions may affect the safety and results of laser resurfacing. To provide your body with the best chance for optimal results, you should also give up smoking at least 2 weeks before and after laser treatments.

You may need some downtime after laser treatment.

Despite laser treatments generally being considered non-surgical, not all are downtime-free. Depending on the type of laser used and an individual’s health and healing rate, laser resurfacing recovery times will vary.

Non-ablative lasers usually require no downtime, whereas ablative lasers can require 2 to 3 weeks of healing before the new skin is healed completely and a final result is apparent.

This does not mean you need to stay at home for a month; it just means your skin will be raw, red, and scabbed over while it heals. You may not feel comfortable in certain social situations, and you will need to modify your activities to avoid situations where infection might occur (such as swimming, working out in the gym, etc.).

We invite you to schedule an appointment with our facial aesthetics office in Chicago, IL if you are considering laser treatments to improve your skin.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619

Are You Too Old or Too Young for Fillers? | Facial Aesthetics Chicago

Does age matter when considering cosmetic treatments? A common question is “when should I start?” The aging process affects everyone differently. Several factors, including genetics, diet, exercise, rest, and sun exposure, can influence the way our skin ages. There is no “one size fits all” answer to the question “when should I start?”, and there is no right or wrong age to start.

Many facial cosmetics offices offer Botox, Dysport, and Xeomin, which are all botulinum toxins. A botulinum toxin blocks nerve signals to the muscle where it is injected. It is used to reduce wrinkles and fine lines. In adults, these products temporarily reduce moderate to severe frown lines, crow’s feet, and forehead lines.

Our faces get lines and wrinkles due to the natural expressions we make using the muscles beneath our skin. The earlier you begin these treatments, the better the results will be. People start forming lines on their faces in their twenties or thirties, which is why it is a good idea to start Botox and fillers at a young age. It will both prevent new lines from forming and keep existing lines from worsening. If you decide to begin treatment later in life, treatment can still reduce your lines and prevent them from becoming worse.

As we age, our faces lose volume and our soft tissues move downward. In addition to lifting and volumizing the aging face, fillers also reduce deeper lines. Many people find fillers helpful in their thirties or forties, but younger people may benefit from them if they are used to accentuate their youthful features. Fillers can be highly effective at any age. Older individuals may benefit more from fillers under the eyes and around the mouth, or where there is more volume loss due to aging.

Whenever you notice fine lines starting to appear, it’s time to start your treatments. A preventative Botox treatment can eliminate those earliest fine lines before they become wrinkles. When people wait for wrinkles to appear before they seek treatment, they miss the opportunity to prevent them. Almost all experts agree that patients in their late twenties and early thirties are a great age to begin treatment. Injecting the muscles around the mouth, eyes, and eyebrows before they develop wrinkles prevents them from occurring.

There is no such thing as the right time to begin Botox or fillers. Starting earlier than in your mid-twenties may be too early. Certain wrinkles are genetic, so if you notice fine lines or wrinkles in your older relatives, you may want to start treatment sooner rather than later. When you begin early, you keep the muscles weak, so you won’t need as many treatments when you get older. Even if you are already older, you can still benefit! Contact our facial cosmetics office today for your next cosmetic appointment.

Timeless Beauty
Phone: (773) 488-3738
820 East 87th Street Suite 201
Chicago , IL 60619