Wrinkles and fine lines are the result of collagen breakdown and repeated muscle movements. Every person’s skin is different, and skin care varies from stage to stage. Whether you’re concerned about forehead wrinkles or under-eye wrinkles, there are a number of treatment options available.
Retinoids: The use of moisturizers, creams, and serums that contain retinoids (types of Vitamin A) is considered by many dermatologists to be one of the most effective methods for reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Despite the redness and peeling, the skin will show visible improvements after the peeling stage. Among the challenges associated with retinoids is that these ingredients may cause irritation and redness in individuals with sensitive skin.
Exfoliation: Regular exfoliation improves the skin’s texture and moisture levels by sloughing away dead skin cells. Regular exfoliation can also help maintain the appearance of fresh skin.
Antioxidants: Topical antioxidants boost healthy cell growth in the epidermis, which helps smooth wrinkles and lines. However, not all antioxidants are created equal. The reason for this is that they decay at different rates due to oxygenation. In skin care, antioxidants that rapidly decay when exposed to oxygen are of little use. Manufacturers have found a solution in “phosphate form antioxidants” available in vitamin C and vitamin E. As oxygen takes longer to degrade these antioxidants, they remain active on the skin for longer periods of time.
Chemical Peels: There are many types of chemical peels—alpha hydroxy, beta hydroxy, phenol, etc.—and they all remove the outer layer of old skin using chemical solutions. After healing, the new skin appears smoother and less wrinkled. A doctor should perform this option, but milder versions are available for at-home use.
Laser Treatments: Also performed in a doctor’s office, laser resurfacing stimulates the skin’s collagen production, making it appear fuller. In most cases, only one treatment is required, and recovery can take as little as four days.
Peptides: Peptides are protein-based compounds used in topical anti-aging formulations. These are rarely used in skincare due to their high cost, difficulty of sourcing, and difficulty in formulating.
Injections: Fillers, such as Botox, relax the muscles that form lines and wrinkles around the mouth, eyes, and forehead. Typically, results last several months and must be repeated to maintain them. It is also necessary to see a physician here.
Contact our facial cosmetics office to schedule a consultation to find out what treatment option is best for your skin. Depending on your individual needs, we can recommend the best procedure for you.